Tuesday, April 8, 2008

principle of management

everything about Principle of Management

43 comments:

eskandar shah said...

FUNDAMENTALS OF MANAGEMENT

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QUESTION 3

What are the 4 general skills and the 6 spesitic skills that affect managerial effectiveness

a)4 general skills:
-CONCEPTUAL SKILLS =>refer to the mental ability to analyze and diagnose complex situations they help manage see now things fit together and facilitate making good decision.

-INTERPERSONAL SKILLS=>encompas the ability to work with understand,mentor and motivate other people both individually andand in groups.Since in groups.since managers get things done through other people.they must have good interpersonal skills to communicate,motivate and delegate

-TECHNICAL SKILLS=>all managers need technical skins.these are abilities to apply specialised knowledge or expertise.

-POLITICAL SKILLS=>this are is related to the ability enchance one's position,build a power base and establish the right connections .organizations are political arenas in which people compete for resources.

b)6 spesific skills:
-CONTROLING THE ORGANIZATION'S AND ITS RESOURCES
=>this includes demostarting in planning and allocation meetings as well as in on-the-spot decision making,the ability to be proactive and stay ahead of enviromental changes.it is also involves basing resources decision on clear,up-to-date,accurate knowledge
of the organization's objectives.

-ORGANIZING AND COORDINATING
=>in this skills,manager organize aroung tasks and the coordinate interdependent relationships among tasks wherever they exist.

-HANDLING INFORMATION
=>this set of behaviors comprises using information and communication channel for identifying problems,understanding a changing enviroment ang making effective decisions.

-PROVIDING FOR GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
=>maagers echance the positive growth and development,as well as for the personel growth and development of their employees,through continual learning on the job.

-MOTIVATING EMPLOYEES AND HANDLING CONFLICTS.
=>managers ennonce the aspects of motivation so that employees feel impelled to perform their work and aliminate those conflicts that may inhibit employees motivation.

-STRATEGIC PROBLEM SOLVING
=>manager take responsibility for their own decisions and ensure that subordinates effectivery use their decision making.

eskandar shah said...

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ASSIGMENT 2
2.WHAT FOUR COMMON ACTIVITIES COMPRISE THE PROCESS APPROACH TO MANAGEMENT? BRIEFLY DESCRIBE EACH OF THEM.

Four common activities comprise the prosess approach to management is:

a.PLANNING
-Defining goals,establishing stategy,and developing subplans to coordinate activities.

b.ORGANIZING
-Determining what needs to be done,how it will be done,and who is to do it.

c.LEADING
-Directing and motivating all involved parties and resolving conflicts.

d.CONTROLLING
-Monitoring activities to ensure that they are accomplished as planned.

eskandar shah said...

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1)WHAT IS ORGANIZATION?WHY ARE MANAGERS IMPORTANT TO AN ORGANIZATION SUCCESS?

a-An organization is a systematic arrangement of people brought together to accomplish some purpose applies to all organizations for profit as well as not profit organizations.

b-Managers important to an organizations success because they work to produce a profit or to achieve some social good and they make sure plans are laid out,activities are kept on track and environment is conducive to productive work.

aishah said...

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Question 4

HOW DOES A MANAGER'S JOB CHANGE WITH HIS OR HER LEVEL IN THE ORGANIZATION?

-The managers were reflective thinkers who carefully and systematically processed information before making decisions.The managers he studied engaged in a large number of varied,unpatterned,and short-duration activities.There was little time for reflective thinking.Managers perform 10 different but highly interrelated roles.Conclusion,while there are distinctions between the management of profit and non for profit organizations.The two are far more alike than they are different.Managers in both are similarly concerned with planning,organizing,leading,and controlling.

nurul yuziahnah said...

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FOUNDER OF ACER

Multitech, founded by Stan Shih (施振榮), his wife Carolyn Yeh, and a group of five others in 1976, was renamed Acer in 1987. It began with eleven employees and US$25,000 in capital. Initially, it was primarily a distributor of electronic parts and a consultant in the use of microprocessor technologies. The global headquarters is in Hsichih City, Taiwan.

Acer purchased Texas Instruments's mobile PC (laptop) division in 1997.

In 2000, Acer spun off its manufacturing operation (as Wistron Corporation) to focus itself on branding business. In deciding to support the sales of its product lines through specific marketing activities that best utilise distribution channels, Acer grew worldwide while its labour force contracted. In 2002, the pan Acer Group employed 39,000 people supporting dealers and distributors in more than 100 countries.[citation needed] Revenues reached US$12.9 billion that year.[citation needed] By 2005, Acer employed 7,800 people throughout the world while maintaining a global sales and service network. Revenues were US$4.9 billion in 2003[3] and US$11.31 billion in 2006. Acer's North American market share slipped over the past few years while the European market share has gone up.[4]

In Europe, Acer mounted an association with the Ferrari Formula 1 Team and the former F1 teams, Bar-Honda team in 2000 and Prost Grand Prix in 2001. They offer a popular line of premium laptops and LCD monitors with Ferrari branding. It has recently broadened the scope of its relationship with Ferrari by announcing it will sponsor the Formula One team until 2008. Acer has recently introduced the Ferrari line of products to North America, and rolled out a Ferrari-branded line of PDA devices.

Acer ranks as the world's No. 3 branded PC vendor behind the Hewlett Packard Company and Dell Inc, recently claiming the No.3 rank from Lenovo [5] More recently, it has surpassed Dell in worldwide notebook shipments, becoming the world's No. 2 branded notebook vendor. [6]

On August 27, 2007, Acer announced plans to acquire U.S. based rival Gateway Inc. for US$710 million. J.T. Wang, the company's chairman, said in a statement that the acquisition "completes Acer's global footprint, by strengthening our U.S. presence."[7] In January 2008, Acer announced that it had acquired a controlling interest of 75% in the parent company, Packard Bell

najib said...

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founder of samsung

The Samsung Group (Korean: 삼성그룹, Samseong Geurup) is South Korea's largest conglomerate (chaebol) and one of the largest super-multinationals in the world leading several major global industries. It is composed of numerous international businesses, all united under the Samsung brand, including Samsung Electronics, the world's largest electronics company[4], Samsung Heavy Industries, one of the world's biggest shipbuilders and Samsung Engineering & Construction, a major global construction company. These three multinationals form the core of Samsung Group and reflect its name — the meaning of the Korean word Samsung is "tristar" or "three stars". The Samsung brand is the best known Korean brand in the world and in 2005, Samsung overtook Japanese rival Sony as the world's No.1 consumer electronics brand and became part of the Top 20 global brands overall. Samsung Group is also the leader in several other industries domestically, such as the financial, chemical, retail and entertainment industries.

Samsung Group is South Korea's largest company and exporter and the world's second largest conglomerate, only behind the U.S. based General Electric.[5] It has been run by generations of one of the world's wealthiest families, currently helmed by chairman Lee Kun-Hee, the third son of the founder, Lee Byung-Chul. Samsung Group is recognized as the most prestigious firm in South Korea, attracting and owning many of the country's most intelligent and best talented pupils, with 25% of its employees having a PhD degree or equivalent. Samsung Group also owns the Sungkyunkwan University, a major private university in South Korea, with many of its graduates being employed by Samsung Group affiliates. South Korean Samsung employees are also highly loyal to the company, working for very long hours with no weekends or holidays until they retire.

Many major South Korean corporations such as CJ Corporation, Hansol Group, Shinsegae Group and Joong-Ang Ilbo daily newspaper were previously part of the Samsung Group, split apart by the government in order to reduce its power. Many leading companies in South Korea, notably iriver, the No.1 MP3 Player maker in South Korea and Naver, the No.1 Search Engine portal in South Korea, were established by ex-Samsung employees. A large number of South Korean firms, particularly those in the electronics industry, are dependent on Samsung for the supply of vital components or raw materials such as semiconductor chips or LCD panels. Consequently, Samsung is able to artificially moderate prices and has been criticised for handicapping other rivals, leading to bankruptcy of mid to small sized businesses as they cannot compete with Samsung. As a result, many have been taken over by Samsung Group, leading to a complete dominance by Samsung Group in many industries.

Samsung Group accounts for more than 20% of South Korea's total exports, with strong government support, including the ability to access unlimited amount of funds from major banks in South Korea. In many domestic industries, Samsung Group is the sole monopoly dominating a single market, its revenue as large as some countries' total GDP. In 2006, Samsung Group would have been the 34th largest economy in the world if ranked, larger than that of Argentina.[6] The company owns or has taken over so many mid to small sized businesses that it is often called a 'colonial empire' or 'hungry dinosaur'. The company has a powerful influence on the country's economic development, politics, media and culture, being a major driving force behind the Miracle on the Han River. Many Koreans are highly loyal to the Samsung brand, considering it a symbol of national pride and businesses using its international success as a role model, with the company being known as "Another Family" (Korean: 또 하나의 가족) in South Korea.

siti norfarhana said...

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founder of google

Google is a play on the word googol, which was coined by Milton Sirotta, nephew of American mathematician Edward Kasner, and was popularized in the book, Mathematics and the Imagination by Kasner and James Newman. It refers to the number represented by the numeral 1 followed by 100 zeros. Google's use of the term reflects the company's mission to organize the immense, seemingly infinite amount of information available on the web.

1995 - 1997 - 1998 - 1999 - 2000 - 2001 - 2002 - 2003 - 2004 - 2005 - 2006 - 2007

1995 - 1997
Back before Google? Aye, there's the Rub.

According to Google lore, company founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin were not terribly fond of each other when they first met as Stanford University graduate students in computer science in 1995. Larry was a 24-year-old University of Michigan alumnus on a weekend visit; Sergey, 23, was among a group of students assigned to show him around. They argued about every topic they discussed. Their strong opinions and divergent viewpoints would eventually find common ground in a unique approach to solving one of computing's biggest challenges: retrieving relevant information from a massive set of data.

By January of 1996, Larry and Sergey had begun collaboration on a search engine called BackRub, named for its unique ability to analyze the "back links" pointing to a given website. Larry, who had always enjoyed tinkering with machinery and had gained some notoriety for building a working printer out of Lego™ bricks, took on the task of creating a new kind of server environment that used low-end PCs instead of big expensive machines. Afflicted by the perennial shortage of cash common to graduate students everywhere, the pair took to haunting the department's loading docks in hopes of tracking down newly arrived computers that they could borrow for their network.

A year later, their unique approach to link analysis was earning BackRub a growing reputation among those who had seen it. Buzz about the new search technology began to build as word spread around campus.

Siti said...

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Aikawa was born in what is now part of Yamaguchi city, Yamaguchi prefecture. His mother was the niece of Meiji period genrō Inoue Kaoru. He graduated from the engineering department of Tokyo Imperial University in 1903 and went to work for Shibaura Seisakusho, the forerunner of Toshiba. [1]

Although his pay was very low, he managed to save enough to make a trip to the United States, where he studied malleable cast iron technology. After his return to Japan, with the backing of Inoue Kaoru and other ex-Chōshū politicians in the Diet of Japan, he established the Tobata Foundry in Kyūshū in 1909. The company is now known as Hitachi Kinzoku (Hitachi Metals Company Ltd).

In 1928, he became president of the Kuhara Mining Company (present day Nippon Mining & Metals Company) taking over from his brother in law Fusanosuke Kuhara and created a holding company called Nihon Sangyo, or Nissan for short. Kuhara went on to a career in politics, forging ties with future Prime Minister Giichi Tanaka and other political and military leaders, which Aikawa would later use to his advantage.[2]

In the stock market boom following the 1931 Manchurian Incident, Aikawa used the opportunity to buy majority shareholdings in 132 subsidiary companies of Nissan to create a new zaibatsu, the Nissan Konzerne. The companies included Nissan Motors, Isuzu, NEC Corporation, Nippon Mining Holdings Company, Nissan Chemicals, Hitachi, Nichiyu Corporation, Nichirei Corporation, Nissan Marine Insurance, Nissan Mutual Life Insurance and others. The group included some of the most technologucally advanced companies in Japan at the time. [3]

In 1937, at the invitation of his relative Nobusuke Kishi, he moved to Manchukuo and agreed with the Japanese Kwantung Army's vision of a syndicalist economy and centralized industrial development plan for Manchukuo. He also moved the headquarters of Nissan to Manchukuo, whereit became the core of the Manchurian Industrial Development Company, a new Manchukuo zaibatsu, partly owned by Nissan and the Manchukuo government.

In his position as president and chairman Aikawa guided all industrial efforts in Manchukuo, implementing two five-year plans during the 1930s, following some the previous economical and industrial lines envisioned Army ideologist Naoki Hoshino. However, Aikawa differed from Noshino's original conception in that he favored a more monopolistic approach, arguing that the economic state of Manchukuo was still too primitive to permit free marketcapitalism. [4] Aikawa also received bank loans from American steel industrialists to support the Manchukuo economy, which created considerable controversy in the United States with its policy of Non-recognition.

However, while his economic views were in line with Imperial Japanese Army policy, his political views were not. Aikawa was a strong opponent of the Tripartite Alliance, and predicted that the forces of the United Kingdom and France would eventually prevail over Nazi Germany should a general war break out. He supported the Fugu Plan, a project to settle Jewish refugees in Manchukuo. In 1942, at the instigation of the Kwantung Army, Aikawa resigned chairman of the Manchurian Industrial Development Company, and moved back to Japan. [5]

After the surrender of Japan, Aikawa was arrested by the American occupation authorities and incarcerated in Sugamo Prison for 20 months as a Class A war crimes suspect. He was freed before his case came to trial, however, during this time, the Nissan zaibatsu was dissolved.

After his release, Aikawa played a key role in post-war economic reconstruction of Japan, and purchased a commercial bank to organize loans to small companies. He served as president of Teikoku Oil Company and of the Japan Petroleum Exploration Company, and in 1953, was elected to a seat in the House of Councilors of the Diet of Japan. With the help of Nobusuke Kishi, then prime minister, he achieved his goal in implementing economic-control law and policies as leader of the Chuseiren, a pressure group that became the main federation of small and medium sized companies in the 1960s.

Aikawa died of acute gall bladder inflamation in 1967. His grave is at the Tama Cemetery outside Tokyo
1880 - Born on the 6th of November in Yamaguchi.

1903 - He graduated from Tokyo Imperial University.

- He founded some companies including Nissan Motors and NEC helped by Inoue Kaoru, who was his close relative.

1928 - He turned the Kuhara Mining Company into Nissan.

1930 - He guided all industrial efforts in this country, implementing during the two five-years plans.

1931 - He was the founder and first of the president of Nissan zaibatsu.

1937 - He moved to Manchukuo and made a close relationship with Kantogun.

- He took charge as chairman of the Manchurian Industrial Development Company, the "Manchu Industrial Zaibatsu".

1942 - He resigned chairman of the Manchurian Industrial Development Company.

1967 - He died on the 13th of February.

sharifah said...

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FOUNDER OF SONY


Akio Morita (1921-99), along with a few other entrepreneurs, embodied the postwar recovery and growth of Japanese industry. Morita and Sony Corporation, which he cofounded with Masaru Ibuka, challenged conventional notions about Japan's "economic miracle." The energy and inventiveness of small, independent companies like Sony, not keiretsu (industrial conglomerate arrangements) or the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI), were the impetus for Japan's postwar economic development; their dependable high technology products changed the image of Japanese exports abroad.

Akio Morita was born January 26, 1921, the first son and fifteenth-generation heir to a sake-brewing family in Kosugaya village near Nagoya. Influenced as a boy by his mother's love of classical music (his family was one of the first to own an RCA Victrola in Japan), Morita developed a keen interest in electronics and sound reproduction. He became so engrossed in his electronic experiments, even building his own ham radio, that he almost flunked out of school; but after concentrating on his studies for a year, he entered the prestigious Eighth Higher School as a physics major.

At Osaka Imperial University he assisted his professor in research for the Imperial Japanese Navy. Rather than be drafted, he signed up with the navy to continue his studies. After his graduation in 1944, Lieutenant Morita supervised a special project group of the Aviation Technology Center on thermal guidance weapons and night-vision gunsights. There he met Masaru Ibuka, an electronics engineer 13 years his senior. The two became close friends and eventually cofounded Sony Corporation. After World War II, Morita became a physics professor while working part time in Ibuka's new telecommunications lab.

In March 1946 Morita and Ibuka established Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo, or Totsuko, with only $500 capital and roughly 20 employees, in a rented office in a burned-out department store in Tokyo.

To find a niche in a market that would be highly competitive when large prewar electronics manufacturers returned, Ibuka decided to produce completely new consumer products. Sony's most significant development was a high frequency transistor radio that not only established the company's reputation but also revolutionized the consumer electronics industry.

The project, however, was launched following a drawn-out approval by the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI). After Morita reached agreement with Western Electric on the transistor technology in 1953, MITI officials dallied six months before finally remitting the foreign exchange for the licensing fee. Although the relationship between government and industry is one of trust, Morita observed, government often impedes innovative change and developments by excessive intervention and obsolete regulations. By investing six to ten percent of its annual sales in research and development, Sony took the lead in developing new consumer products independently of government help or keiretsu support. A pioneer of products ranging from transistorized radios to solid-state television sets to the Walkman and Discman to VCRs, by 1990 Sony employed more than 100,000 workers and was the world's leading maker of consumer, nonconsumer, industrial, and professional electronics and entertainment software.

Morita was a pioneer in marketing as well. His initial failure to sell tape recorders developed in 1950 convinced him that market creation must accompany product development. On his first trip to Europe in 1953, he was deeply impressed and encouraged by the success of N.V. Philips, which had grown from a small light bulb maker in a rural Dutch town into the world's leading electronics maker.
Morita then decided to target the world market, particularly the affluent U.S. market, rather than the poor and congested Japanese domestic market. Recognizing the importance of establishing company identity in the world market, Morita adopted "Sony" (finding a Western root from the Latin sonus, meaning "sound," and combining it with the English nickname "Sonny"), a name that foreign customers could easily remember, as his company's trademark in 1955. Totsuko became Sony Corporation in 1958.

Morita then decided to target the world market, particularly the affluent U.S. market, rather than the poor and congested Japanese domestic market. Recognizing the importance of establishing company identity in the world market, Morita adopted "Sony" (finding a Western root from the Latin sonus, meaning "sound," and combining it with the English nickname "Sonny"), a name that foreign customers could easily remember, as his company's trademark in 1955. Totsuko became Sony Corporation in 1958.

In the mid 1950s most Japanese producers relied on giant Japanese trading companies to export their goods, but Morita decided to build his own distribution route in which the message of the new technology and its benefits could be directly passed on to the consumer. In 1960 Morita established Sony Corporation of America and Sony Overseas S.A. (Switzerland) as its sales arms. In 1961 Sony became the first Japanese company to offer its stock in the United States in the form of ADRs (American Depositary Receipts). In February 1960, Sony established the Sony Corporation of America; and in less than two years, they became the first Japanese company to offer its stock in the United States.

Sony felt that moving much of its manufacturing and sales to the United States and Europe would only improve its business, something other Japanese companies had yet to discover. Sony subsequently expanded its sales force and production facilities into an international network, with a few hundred subsidiaries and affiliated companies worldwide. Sony acquired CBS Records in 1988 and Columbia Pictures and Tri-Star film studios in 1990 (now Sony Pictures Entertainment) to expand its business in entertainment. Beginning in 1986, in response to changing world market conditions, Sony expanded into the nonconsumer sector, such as broadcasting equipment, semiconductors, video communications, and computers. In 1987, Morita wrote Made In Japan, a historical biography detailing his rise to success that, according to Inc., Stanford graduate school professor Jim Collins recommends to students for best learning from those who have forged the trails.

Morita died of pneumonia at the age of 78.

nurul yuziahnah said...

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founder of acer

Acer Group Founder, Stan Shih, is recognized around the globe for his achievements in brand-business building, and for his unique models of management. Shih is frequently cited for his Smiling Curve, a business model that illustrates the vitality of the global IT industry. Upon his retirement from Acer in December 2004, Shih established iD SoftCapital, an investment management and business consulting company, with six partners who have extensive experience in the IT industry.

Shih began his career at Unitron Industrial Corp. in 1971, where he successfully designed, developed, and commercialized Taiwan’s first desktop calculator. In 1972, he helped to establish Qualitron Industrial Corp., and led the team that designed the world’s first pen watch. In 1976, together with four partners, Shih co-founded Multitech International Corp., the forerunner of Acer, with US$25,000 and has since led Acer to become a global PC vendor. Today Acer ranks No. 4 for total PCs and No. 3 for notebooks worldwide. At the time of his retirement from the Acer Group, the combined annual revenues of Acer, BenQ and Wistron had reached US$22.2 billion. He is a member of the board of directors of these three companies, all of which he had a hand in founding.

Shih is also involved with a number of noteworthy social and public organizations. He is a former chairman of the Asia Business Council, a member of the International Advisory Panel for Malaysia’s Multimedia Super Corridor, a Governor of the Asian Institute of Management, and a member of the board of directors of Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. Ltd. He also serves as Honorary Chairman of the Brand International Promotion Association.

Shih has received numerous awards. In 1976, he was named one of Taiwan’s “Ten Most Outstanding Young Persons.” In 1983, the International Jaycees selected him as one of the “Ten Most Outstanding Young Persons in the World.” In 1999, the Academy of International Business selected him as “International Business Executive of the Year.” In 2003, the Ministry of Economic Affairs presented Shih with the “Outstanding Contribution to Brand Building” award. In 2004, the Taipei Computer Association and Taiwan External Trade Development Council honored Shih for his vision and guidance in helping Computex Taipei to become one of the world’s top three IT trade shows.

Widely featured in industry and business media worldwide, Shih was honored by Fortune as one of “25 People You Ought to Know for Doing Business in Asia” in 1989. In 1996, BusinessWeek named him one of “The 25 Top Managers of the Year.” In 2000, Asiaweek selected him as one of “Asia’s top 25 Digital Elite” in the publication’s first look at the people shaping Asia’s high tech future. In 2004, BusinessWeek again named Shih as one of the “25 Stars of Asia.” He was also interviewed by CNN’s Talk Asia in 2003 and by the Discovery Channel for its documentary “Crossings” in 2004. In 2006, Time featured Shih in its article “60 years of Asian Heroes” for turning Taiwan into a PC-manufacturing powerhouse.

A graduate of National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan, Shih obtained a Bachelor’s, Master’s, and honorary Ph.D. in Electronics Engineering in 1968, 1971, and 1992 respectively. He was awarded an Honorary Degree of Doctor of Technology by the Hong Kong Polytechnic University in November 1997. Most recently, in recognition of his exceptional leadership in the business world, he became the first Asian CEO to receive the Thunderbird School of Global Management’s highest honor, an honorary Doctor of International Law.

Shih was born in 1944. He and his wife, Carolyn, have three children.

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Larry Page
Co-Founder & President, Products

Larry Page was Google's founding CEO and grew the company to more than 200 employees and profitability before moving into his role as president of products in April 2001. He continues to share responsibility for Google's day-to-day operations with Eric Schmidt and Sergey Brin.

The son of Michigan State University computer science professor Dr. Carl Victor Page, Larry's love of computers began at age six. While following in his father's footsteps in academics, he became an honors graduate from the University of Michigan, where he earned a bachelor's degree in engineering, with a concentration on computer engineering. During his time in Ann Arbor, Larry built an inkjet printer out of Lego™ bricks.

While in the Ph.D. program in computer science at Stanford University, Larry met Sergey Brin, and together they developed and ran Google, which began operating in 1998. Larry went on leave from Stanford after earning his master's degree.

In 2002, Larry was named a World Economic Forum Global Leader for Tomorrow. He is a member of the National Advisory Committee (NAC) of the University of Michigan College of Engineering, and together with co-founder Sergey Brin, Larry was honored with the Marconi Prize in 2004. He is a trustee on the board of the X PRIZE, and was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2004

Sergey Brin
Co-Founder & President, Technology

Sergey Brin, a native of Moscow, received a bachelor of science degree with honors in mathematics and computer science from the University of Maryland at College Park. He is currently on leave from the Ph.D. program in computer science at Stanford University, where he received his master's degree. Sergey is a recipient of a National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship as well as an honorary MBA from Instituto de Empresa. It was at Stanford where he met Larry Page and worked on the project that became Google. Together they founded Google Inc. in 1998, and Sergey continues to share responsibility for day-to-day operations with Larry Page and Eric Schmidt.

Sergey's research interests include search engines, information extraction from unstructured sources, and data mining of large text collections and scientific data. He has published more than a dozen academic papers, including Extracting Patterns and Relations from the World Wide Web; Dynamic Data Mining: A New Architecture for Data with High Dimensionality, which he published with Larry Page; Scalable Techniques for Mining Casual Structures; Dynamic Itemset Counting and Implication Rules for Market Basket Data; and Beyond Market Baskets: Generalizing Association Rules to Correlations.

Sergey has been a featured speaker at several international academic, business and technology forums, including the World Economic Forum and the Technology, Entertainment and Design Conference. He has shared his views on the technology industry and the future of search on the Charlie Rose Show, CNBC, and CNNfn. In 2004, he and Larry Page were named "Persons of the Week" by ABC World News Tonight

najib said...

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founder of panasonic

Konosuke Matsushita (松下 幸之助, Matsushita Kōnosuke?, November 27, 1894 – April 27, 1989) was a Japanese industrialist, the founder of Matsushita Electric, better known as the parent firm of electronics brand Panasonic, a company based in the suburb of Kadoma (on the Keihan line), Osaka in Japan. For many Japanese, he is known as "the god of management". A biography of Matsushita's life called Matsushita Leadership was written by American business management specialist John Kotter in 1998

early life

Konosuke Matsushita was born in 1894 in the farming village of Wasa in Wakayama Prefecture, the son of a landlord. Poor investment decisions by his father in rice speculation ruined the family's finances, and Matsushita was sent to Osaka to work at a very young age.

In 1910, at the age of 16, Matsushita was taken on as a wiring assistant at the Osaka Electric Light Company. In 1915, he would marry Mumeno Iue.

Matsushita wanted to market a new light socket he had invented, and so in 1918, at the age of 23, he founded Matsushita Electric Appliance Factory with his first employees being himself, Mumeno, and Mumeno's brother, Toshio Iue. His company almost went bankrupt until a large order came in for electric fan parts. He used the money to expand production and drop prices for his lamp sockets, a strategy that paid off.

Matsushita used the trademark ‘National’ on Matsushita products, and dropped prices to make his lamp a mass-market product. Matsushita also used national newspaper advertising, an unusual form of marketing in Japan in the 1920s.

matsushita and the post-war period

In post-war Japan, the company came under severe restrictions imposed on large Japanese companies by the Allies. Matsushita was in danger of removal as president, but was saved by a favourable petition signed by 15,000 employees.

In 1947, Konosuke lent his brother-in-law Toshio an unutilized manufacturing plant to manufacture bicycle lamps, which eventually became Sanyo Electric.

From 1950 to 1973, Matsushita's company became one of the world’s largest manufacturers of electrical goods, sold under well-known trademarks including Panasonic and Technics. Matsushita retired in 1973. Since 1954, Matsushita also gained a significant shareholding in manufacturer JVC by forming an alliance[1]. It still retains a 50% share today.

In retirement, Matsushita focused on developing and explaining his social and commercial philosophies, and wrote 44 published books. One of his books, entitled “Developing a road to peace and happiness through prosperity”, sold over four million copies.

Chronic lung problems lead to his death of pneumonia on 27 April 1989, at the age of 94. He died with personal assets worth US$3 billion, and left a company with US$42 billion in revenue business.

MIRA EDORA said...

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QUESTION: IF YOU ARE GIVEN RM500 AND A BURGER STALL WITHIN 3 YEARS YOU MUST BE A MILLIONAIRE


If we are given RM500 and a burger stall,our strategies that we will use to be a millionaire within 3 years are open our burger stall in front of supermarket such as Tesco or Giant.We will borrow some of equipment from Farhana’s brother to make burger for reduce our budget.With capital RM250,we will buy ingredients to make burger such as burger bread,meat and chicken meat,mayonnaise,eggs,cabbage,cucumber,tomatoes and chillies sauce,black and white pepper,plastics,tissues and other ingredients.

We will open our burger business from evening until midnight.We estimate that our burger selling in one day is RM50 and within one week our income is RM350.Our next strategy is every 3 months,we will try to open our mini burger stall at expo or small function to promote our burger and at the same time we can add our income for one year.We will also take reception from the outsider for certain ceremonies.This matter can increase our income and also we can add our capital so that we can open our own burger restaurant.

We also open our branch in and out of state and we will pay some employees for handle our burger business branch.Although we had open our own burger restaurant,we still open our burger stall at night market.Meanwhile,we will save some of our money into our account in bank for avoid the misspend going happens in future.Other than that,we will promote our burger business by distribute our burger business pamplet to public.When our income and the demand from public for our burger getting increase,we will also try open our own burger company.Our company will produce cold freeze burger.

When our cold freeze burger demand getting increase in country we will export our burger to the international markets to add our income.From our selling burger,our income for one day is RM50 multiply with seven day for one week is RM350.For our income for one month is RM350 multiply with 30 days is RM10500 meanswhile for one year”s income is RM10500 multiply with 12 month is RM126000.After we plus minus with other cost we can get our clean cost is RM120000 for one years.

By using our strategies that we mention above,we can be a millionaire within 3 years with our income is RM4536000.So to those said who sell burger cannot be a millionaire,we show to them that they are wrong.

eskandar shah said...

shrifah sakilah bte syed abd kadir
890921015520
nursafitrie bte saiful rizal
900503016148
eskandar shah bin reduan
890111145825

if you benn given rm1000 and 1 motorcycle in 3 years you become millionaire.

if we have been given rm1000
and 1 motorcycle to become millionaire in 3 years.we must have strategec,our strategic is 3 of us must work to reduce our money..eskandar worked as motorcycle mechanic at workshop near our house.fitri work as waiter in restaurant also near our house.kila is open our business in front our house,our business is sell a 'nasi lemak'.

we use rm700 from our capital to open our business,we buy an equipment for our stall like table,umbrella and we buy ingredients to make nasi lemak like rice,egg and otherelse.another rm300 we use for our motorcycle like oil and for motorcycle servises.we use our motorcycle to send fitri to work and to go buy the ingredients.everyday kila have sale 50 pack of nasi lemak,price pack of nasi nasi is rm1.few month later,people have demand for our nasi lemak.so we must take 1 employer to help kila to produce more pack of nasi lemak.

our profit in first year together with 2 of us is about rm45000.so we plan to use our money to build our own restaurant and workshop.we have make a pemplet to give costumer for opening our restaurant and workshop.before that,we must buy an equipment for our restaurant and our workshop.beside that,we have been pay 6 employer,3 for workshop and other for restaurant.our stall have been closed ,but kila still make nasi lemak to send to our restaurant.the demand of our nasi lemak is increase,so we buy more equipment for make nasi lemak a pay 3 more employer.

next 1 year,our profit been increase because so many costumer have come to our restaurant and our workshop.that why we modify our restaurant and workshop bocome bigger.also we have been 3 more of our workshop and restaurant.we have build restaurant near our workshop because if the costumer send the motocycle to been repair,the costumer can wait at our restaurant.this is our benefit.

after 8 month,our profit increase from latest profit because our restaurant and workshop most famous and most profitable in our place.in this month we been build an our motorcycle shop that sell a motorcycle and an equipment motorcycle.this can make our profit increase.

until now,our motorcycle have been use for send fitri to work,to buy few ingredients,take an equipment of motorcycle and doing transaction
with bank for our business.every month we keep our money in bank,it will be save in there.every month our profit after first year is rm50000.rm50000 multiply 2 years is about rm1200000.we have been reach our mision to be millionaire in 3 years just using rm1000 and one motorcycle.

Siti said...

Nurul Yuziahnah Binti Yusof
901114-12-5572
Mohamad Najib Bin Zainal Abidin
90081901-6355
Siti Norazrah Binti Zulmaile
891202-05-5088

You have been given RM10,a pair of shoes, and a complete tools for repair the shoes.Within 2 years you must be a millionaire.



My first plan is think about how to decorate the shoes to be a nice shoes that fullfil consumers want which is have a high quality,comfortable to wear,attractive and of course the price is not to expensive and most important is the shoes is suitable to wear from kids until adult.It’s special design by us which is it suitable for any occasion whether it’s formal or disformal.It's created especially among the woman neither local or internationalWithin the capital that have been given i'll use it to buy all the stuff that we need to decorate the shoes to be nice and attractive within use all the complete tools that have been given..Afterthat I’ll plan to organize a class about how to make and decorate the shoes.The class will be held at our house to save the cost.The main point of this class is to find and get a capital to spread out our business.Our attention is more specific to the jobless woman and of course our students is limited and first come first serve.The students need to pay the deposit first and we’ll make it as capital to support our class.In addition we also sell the shoes after we produce it.Upon the profit that we get we’ll rent a shophouse which is located at city and of course there is a place that people always come and visit to open a shoes boutiqe.Beside that we agree to separate our job which is one of us will be a teacher of the shoes making who is conduct by Nurul while Najib will go to the place that we already set and Azrah will take a look of the boutique and do whatever promotion to attract people to come and buy the product.Najib also go to the education instituition such as IPTA or IPTS and also the high school to promote our product among the teacher and also students.Our main strategy is to introduce our product among the abroad students.who is studying management and marketing.The chances that we will be given to them will help them in the subject they learn.the procedure is easy which is we will give them 3 pairs of shoes that already been design without any charges.What they only need to do is when the semester break,they of course will go back to their hometown and just promote our product at their country.Based on what they do,they will get benefit from us thus they can gain experience.Based on this strategy we are so sure it will bring a lot of profit and thus can give us opportunity to spread out and import our produt to teir country.When all of our plan is already succed,we will try to promote our product at such glamoures or fashion country such Paris,Milan,and also Europe.this could help us to increase our product popularity that helps us to introduce it in whole country in this world.Not to forget we still open our shoes classes and we also open the other classes at whole state in Malaysia.We are so sure within two years we are not only known as the owner and the designer of the shoes,we also will be known as the millionaire who was only start our business with only have a capital which is cost RM10 and a pair of shoes only.

Siti said...

Nurul Yuziahnah Binti Yusof
901114-12-5572
Mohamad Najib Bin Zainal Abidin
90081901-6355
Siti Norazrah Binti Zulmaile
891202-05-5088

You have been given RM10,a pair of shoes, and a complete tools for repair the shoes.Within 2 years you must be a millionaire.



My first plan is think about how to decorate the shoes to be a nice shoes that fullfil consumers want which is have a high quality,comfortable to wear,attractive and of course the price is not to expensive and most important is the shoes is suitable to wear from kids until adult.It’s special design by us which is it suitable for any occasion whether it’s formal or disformal.It's created especially among the woman neither local or internationalWithin the capital that have been given i'll use it to buy all the stuff that we need to decorate the shoes to be nice and attractive within use all the complete tools that have been given..Afterthat I’ll plan to organize a class about how to make and decorate the shoes.The class will be held at our house to save the cost.The main point of this class is to find and get a capital to spread out our business.Our attention is more specific to the jobless woman and of course our students is limited and first come first serve.The students need to pay the deposit first and we’ll make it as capital to support our class.In addition we also sell the shoes after we produce it.Upon the profit that we get we’ll rent a shophouse which is located at city and of course there is a place that people always come and visit to open a shoes boutiqe.Beside that we agree to separate our job which is one of us will be a teacher of the shoes making who is conduct by Nurul while Najib will go to the place that we already set and Azrah will take a look of the boutique and do whatever promotion to attract people to come and buy the product.Najib also go to the education instituition such as IPTA or IPTS and also the high school to promote our product among the teacher and also students.Our main strategy is to introduce our product among the abroad students.who is studying management and marketing.The chances that we will be given to them will help them in the subject they learn.the procedure is easy which is we will give them 3 pairs of shoes that already been design without any charges.What they only need to do is when the semester break,they of course will go back to their hometown and just promote our product at their country.Based on what they do,they will get benefit from us thus they can gain experience.Based on this strategy we are so sure it will bring a lot of profit and thus can give us opportunity to spread out and import our produt to teir country.When all of our plan is already succed,we will try to promote our product at such glamoures or fashion country such Paris,Milan,and also Europe.this could help us to increase our product popularity that helps us to introduce it in whole country in this world.Not to forget we still open our shoes classes and we also open the other classes at whole state in Malaysia.We are so sure within two years we are not only known as the owner and the designer of the shoes,we also will be known as the millionaire who was only start our business with only have a capital which is cost RM10 and a pair of shoes only.

MIRA EDORA said...

MIRA EDORA BTE ANUAR
901107045566
NURUL YUZIANNAH BTE YUSOF
901114125572
NURSAFITRIE BTE SAIFUL RIZAL
900503016148



DEVELOPING A LEADER'S MIND

The leader's mind can be developed beyond the non-leader's by 4 critical areas: independent thinking,open-mindedness,systems thinking and personal mastery.Independent thinking means questioning assumptions and interpreting data and events according to one's own beliefs not according to pre-established rules defined by others.Mindfulness is the process of continously reevaluating previously learned ways of doing things in the context of evolving information and shifting circumstances.Leaders need to stay mentally alert,keep thinking and keep asking questions.One approach to independent thinking is to try to break out of the mental bones,the categorized thinking patterns we have been conditioned to accept as correct.The power of the conditioning that guides our thinking and behaviour is illustrated by what has been called PIKE SYNDROME.When people assume they have complete knowledge of a situation because of past experiences,they exibit the PIKE SYNDROME.Leaders have to forget many of their conditioned ideas to be open to news ones.Effective leaders strive to keep open minds and cultivate an organizational environment that encouragas curiosty.There are many ways to encourage open-mindedness.Systems thinking is seeing patterns in the organizational whole instead of just the parts and learning to reinforce or change systems patterns.Systems thinking enables leaders to look for patterns of movement over time and focus on the qualities of rhythms,flow,direction,shape and networks of relations that accomplish the work of an organization.Leaders can develop "peripheral vision".An important elements of systems thinking is to discern circles of causality.Maintaining product development time in the face of increasing management complexity depends upon senior engineers' management ability.Besides that,systems thinking is learning to influence the systems with reinforcing feedback as an engine for growth or decline.Pefsonal mastery is the dicipline of personal growth and learning of mastering yourself in a way that facilitates your leadership and achieves desired results.Personal mastery embodies 3 qualities:personal vision,facing,reality and holding creative tension.First,leaders engaged in personal mastery know and clarify what is important.Second,facing reality means a commiment to the truth.Third,often there is large gap between one's vision and the current situation.Effective leaders resolves the tension by letting the vision pull reality towards the vision.Leaders with personal mastery learn to accept both the dreams reality simultaneously and close the gap by moving the organization towards the dream.Independent thinking and open-mindedness improve systems thinking and enable personal mastery helping leaders to shift and expand their mental models.

eskandar shah said...

siti aishah bte abu saifuddin
900322137696
mohammad najib bin zainal abidin
900819016355
eskandar shah bin reduan
890111145825

EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE-LEADING WITH HEART AND MIND

1)EMOTIONAL UNDERSTANDING AND SKILLS IMPACT OUR SUCCESS AND HAPPINESS IN OUR WORK AS WELL AS IN OUR PERSONAL LIVES.
2)POWER OF EMOTIONS TO IMPROVE EMPLOYEES SATISFACTION,MORALE AND MOTIVATION AS WELL AS TO ENCHANCE ORGANIZATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS.
3)LEADERS MUST BECOME MOREEMOTIONALLY INTELLIGENT,LESS INTIDATING,MORE CONSCIOUS ABOUT DEVELOPING RAPPORT,LESS INTROVERTED,MORE SOCIALBLE,LESS SKEPTICAL AND MORE TRUSTING IN OTHERS.

Emotions is one importantfor leaders is to understand the range of emotions people have and these emotions may manifest themselves.the primary emotions and some of their variations follow
ANGER:FURY,OUTRAGE,VIOLENCE
SADNESS:GRIEF,SORROW,GLOOM
FEAR:CORCERN,TERROR,PANIC
ENJOYMENT:HAPPINESS,JOY,RELIEF
LOVE:RESPECT,TRUST,KINDNESSS
SUPRISES:SHOCK,WONDER
DISGUST:CONTEMPT,SCORN,DISTASTE
SHAME:GUILT,REMORSE,REGRET
The compenents of emotional intelligence.
Self-awareness-being aware of what you are feeling.
Managing emotions-able to balance his or her own moods.
Motivating oneself-to be hpeful and optismistic despite.
Empathy-being able to put yourself in someone else's shoes.
Social skill-conect to other.

LEADING WITH LOVE VERSUS LEADING WITH FEAR.
fear is good thing and benefits the organization.it creates avoidance behavior,because no one wants to make mistake and this inhibits growth and change.the emotion that attracts people to take risks,leran grow and move the organization forwards comes love not fear.negative emotions to fuel productive work but by doing so they may slowly destroy people spirits.
ASPECT FEAR
afraid to speak up can range from poor performance.fear is high,managers destroy the opportunity for feedback,blinding them to reality anddenying them the chnace to correct damaging decisions and behaviors.
BRINGING LOVE TO WORK.
-love as motivation is the force within that enables people to feel alive,connected,energized and'in love'wit life and work
-love s feeling involves attraction,fascination and caring for people,work or other thongs.
-love as action means more than feelings;its is translated ionto behavior.

Siti said...

SHARIFAH SAKILAH BINTI SYED ABD KADIR
890921015520
SITI NORFARHANA BINTI MOHD HAYAT
900715016684
SITI NORAZRAH BINTI ZULMAILE
891202055088



SMART LEADERS-EMOTION
:aware that human emotion-basic force in organizations and that acknowledging people and respecting employees as whole people can enhance organizational performance.
:generate employees commitment to share
A) vision and mission
B) values and culture
C) and caring for the
work and each other

CAPACITY
A) Potential each of us to do more and be more than we are now.
B) Being a whole person means operating from mind, heart,
spirit, and body.
C) We can’t “learn” capacity the way we learn a set of skills, we
can expand and developed leadership capacity.

HOW TO BUILDS ON SOME OF THOSE IDEAS TO PROVIDE A
BROADER VIEW OF THE CAPACITIES OF
THE LEADERSHIP CAPACITIES OF MIND AND HEART.

MENTAL MIND
- Internal picture of the world that affects a leader actions
and relationships with others.
-deep-seated assumptions, values, attitudes, beliefs, biases,
and prejudices that determine how leaders make sense of
the world.
-two important components of mental models are assumptions
and perceptions:
A) Assumptions- leaders can learn to regards their assumptions
as temporary ideas rather than fixed truths.
- the more aware a leader is of his or her assumptions,
the more the leader understands how assumptions guide

B)Perceptions- The process people use to make sense out of the
the environment by selecting, organizing, and interpreting information from the environment .
- determining hoe a leader views people, situations, and
events.

STEREOTYPING

-The tendency to assign a person to a group or broad category and then to attribute widely held generalizations about the group to the individual.
-prevent the individual from contributing fully to the organization.

aishah said...

Siti Aishah bt Abu Saifuddin
900322-13-7696

Question 1

WHAT AM I FOR THE NEXT TEN YEARS.
-I want to be a person who can bring their life with their own strategy to achieve this goal.I want to be a good manager in my own company.I also want to build the success company.I want expand my business with open a company shampoo such as rejoice,sunsilk,palmolive and the other. I want to promote this product to all world.With the promotion we can get the goal.My goal is I want all people use this product and get a profit.This product can get a broaden market.

Question 2

HOW CAN I ACHIEVE THIS PLANNING.
-Must have a confident to developed the company.Must judging wisely when promoted or sell this product.In business we also must judging wisely determined quality of product.We must know about the product.If the product is expired we must changes a new product.We must laborious in all the aspect if we want achieve this goal.

eskandar shah said...

eskandar shah bin reduan
890111145825

WHO AM I FOR THE NEXT TEN YEARS

In the next 10 years, i want to be a dealer representative at the in investment bank and be a person that analysis about an economic in the world. Beside that i want also want to make my own business that is open my own hotel. I hope my hotel be a famous hotel in asian.
I choose to open the hotel is my my businees because i can bring my family go vacation together and release our tension.

HOW CAN I ACHIEVE THIS PLANNING

I must study hard from now until graduate. After that, I will work with my auntie as asiitant dealer in investment bank. When i work with her i will learn how to be a dealer. I will continue my studies but in investment knowledge. After graduate, i want to take a license from BURSA SAHAM for be a dealer. When i be a dealer i can kown a few a investor or businessman and i can take a chance to ask a knowlegde how to be a businessman.

MIRA EDORA said...

MIRA EDORA BTE ANUAR
901107045566


1)WHO AM I FOR THE NEXT 10 YEARS?
I am a manager of bank for the next 10 years.



2)HOW CAN I ACHIEVE THIS PLANNING?
To achieve my ambition is my first step is i will work as an accountant at Maybank or other bank.Within 2 years,I get experience how to manage an account.After that,I will open my own bank and hired some employees to work under me.Wiyhin 3 years,I want my bank get profit as much as RM1000000.Ater that,I will open another branch.

sharifah said...

SHARIFAH SAKILAH BTE SYED ABD KADIR
890921015520
DIPLOMA IN ACCOUNTANCY

1. Who am I for the next 10 years?
- Now I am workers at the songket factory at the Johor Bahru.For the next 10 years, I am a successful businesswomen of songket same as Prime Minister wife, Datin Seri Indon Mahmod.I open my own songket company at th located in Kuala Lumpur the capital of Malaysia.A business bring unexpected profit what I expected before.From the sum of profit,I already open my franchise where is located in all the state in Malaysia and also produce and export that songket to the country such as Brunei,Indonesia and also Singapura.In the same time,I make my own songket identity and the main theme of songket.And I also hire my workers for locate at my franchise.Within the profit that I get from songket sales,I used it for opening the songket's gallery.The objectives was that to shows the tourist which is from Paris,New Zealand also London that the songket were very popular in Malaysia and to show them that the songket is one of the traditional clothes.This show that who I am for the next 10 years.

2.What are the planning for achieve
the goals?
-Before I want achieve my goals,I make a planning.The first planning
that I have made is I must have a goals to make my songket's company to be succeed.I also will organize
the capital and the structure from the top manager until the operative.I also get the opinion from the society about the songket in the new era.Beside that,I have to get and find the supplier of songket for the get the stock.I also
make a promotion of the songket such as I give a discount for the loyalty customers.The main thing that I'll do is I'll survey what is actually he consumers need,what is their taste and they prefer to wear .In hence I'll use the quality materials that used to produce my product that will fulfill all the consumers needs.

nurul yuziahnah said...

NURUL YUZIAHNAH BINTI YUSOF,
901114125572

For the next 10 years, I become the succes of bussines woman and popular. I open the flower shop with the name are Nur Anika Enterprise. The planning to achieve my dream to become the succes of bussines woman for the next 10 years, I will be start bussines with open the little shop for sale the flower. I get the stock of flower from my uncle, he bury many flower and I buy from him for my stock flower. After that, I also accept by reserve for including of married ceremony with slowly. My bussines in 3 years will be progress and then I reproduce on a large shop to many attendend and to many place. Other then that, Iwill be do the promotions for my flower shop with give the discount to any one of buy or someone do the reseve from my flower shop. Then for the customer devoted of still buy or come to in my flower shop can get the souvenir for thing serving as a remembers from my flower shop and I want my flower shop became a big ship shop and popular and very important I became are bussines woman of succes in my country.

nurul yuziahnah said...

siti norfarhana binti mohd hayat
900715016684

1. For the next 10 years,I become the successful bussiness women.I want to open my own company for my own effort.I open the toy shop with name TIARA ENTERPRISE becouse many chidren like the tpys and teddy bears.In 1 years,my company can get profit more than I need.I added my stock in my company for my customer to choose.Other than that,I need to produce a good quality for my product.Than,I hope my product is same level to other product in universal and my product become popular and everyone like product in my company.


2.To achieve my company I have a planning.My planning bigger my shop.My company profit increase day after day and my company become develop.After 2 years,I need to produce my product to universal.I also need produce a good quality product for my customers.My company take the order for any ceremony.Other than that,I promote my product in internet,television,radio and many more.I also give discount for my loyal customers.Other my planning is I want to open a new company at other country.I must added my workers to product many product and can fulled up customer demand.Finally,I become a successful bussiness women in the world and will be respected.

eskandar shah said...

NURSAFITRIE BINTI SAIFUL RIZAL
900203016148

WHO AM I FOR THE NEXT 10 YEARS

For the 10 t years, I want to be the famous businesswoman, I also have my own company and i want be an accountant. I also can detect prfit and loss of my company, so the profit and loss can be handle by me. I have a branch at Johor, but my head office at the Selangor.
My company profit is unexpected, i think i cannot get unexpected profit. My business is produce woman underwear because 200 population of woman is more than man,so my business will be success and now i can be the best businesswoman in the world because i can be an accountant and manager in my company that i build.

HOW CAN I ACHIEVE THIS PLANNING.

I can achieve this plan by always care about my customer and can make something which can attracted my costumer. I also can offer the cheapest pirce to loyalty customer and give discount to the costumer. The other alternative,i always care my quality of my product and cheaper cost.So my business can success.hopefully.

Siti said...

Mohamad Najib Bin Zainal Abidin

Who am i for the next 10years?
I am a manager that own a restaurant.I've ten franchaise at such areas which is 7 i malaysia and the other 3 located at indonesia,brunei and singapore.I also has a royalti customer which is including VIP and tourist which is come from variety country.I also make a wedding buffet.Some of the profit i invest it.Every of my restaurant branch heve multiply food.Facilities that I have is transport for send the food to my cstomer.So that I can fulfill all customer demand.That is me for the next 10years.
2.firstly i'll make promotions and i'll give the best service formy customer and will fulfill all my customer needs and taste.I always take care of the tidy and cleanness each of my branch and always win my customer heart with the new delicious receipe.

Siti said...

Siti Norazrah Binti Zulmaile
891202055088

1.Who am i for the next 10years.

I am a business woman who is own a account firm which is got many branch either local or abroad.In addition i'm also already build my own popular account institution in the world.Beside i've also got my own investment company that always bring a lot of profit to my company.In hence i'll create my own reality television show that exposed the business news that bring a lot of benefit to the student who learn business and most important to all the business person in this world.
2.Firstly i'll finished my study and get the title to being a chartered accountant so that can help me to struggle and achieve all the desire that i want.most important that i'll research and manage all of my plan so in the future there isn't had any problem that i've to face.

sharifah said...

nursafitrie binti saiful rizal
900503016148

management by objectives are many organization that help their employees set perfomances objectives in an effort to achieve organization goals. A system in which specific perfomance objectives are jointly determine by subordinates and their superior pogresstoward objectives is periodically reviewed and reward are allocated on the basis of that progress. I as ceo of suzuki company and i want to implement management of objectives to my company. so, the first thing i must do is put target. For example, i want my company get profit about rm10 000 for this year and at least produce 8 new motor every 3 month.
what can I do is,I tell my manager about my planning and tnen ask my manager to divide that job with each other.For example,top manager tell middle manager about that plan.Top manager should tell everything to make middle manager understand what to do.And then,middle manager should be clever to make decision.Such as, divided the task by two person because middle manager are two person usually. It can be make easy that task. When the task are divide by two,so both of middle manager should get RM5000 and 3 new motorcycle per person.
After that,middle ,manager call their each first-line manager and for other name is supervisor.Both middle manager tell to supervisor that the goals for this year is make profit RM5000 and at least produce 4 new motorcycle in 3 month.So after middle manager tell supervisor about that,supervisor as a main role must be do something with workship.For example,the plan can divide by two supervisor,so one supervisor should be get RM2500 and produce two motorcycle in 3 months.The other supervisor also get the same amount.
In company,must have many operatives.Do not think is lower position.Operative also important in company.without operatives,goals of company cannot be done but operatives must have on target so the work can be done efficiently.After the division made,we can get the main goals that are CEO wish RM10000 for this year and produce 8 new motorcycle in 3months.We total all amount started from supervisor and then to the middle manager.We can get the same amount that company wish.In conclusion management by objective give more advantages.So we must follow the concept of MBO and the company can get the unexpected profit.

eskandar shah said...

eskandar shah reduan
890111145825

YOU ARE CEO OF SHOES COMPANY 'BATA' AND WANT IMPLEMENT MBO TO YOUR COMPANY.EXPLAIN HOW IT CAN BE DONE.

To put MBO in my company, i must put the element of MBO in my company to archive my goals. Firstly i will research what shoes that i want to produce and more specific about my product. more specific that i means is the shoes that i want to produce is cheaper but more quality.
Then, when I know what my goal is, i will make meeting with my boarding director and making decision together about my goals and how can my goals will be achieved. For example, I want to produce 40000 unit of shoes,can we archive that goals?
After we agree the goals and know how to archive,I will has a concise time period performance. The time period that I will choose in which it is to be completed.Example time period to done my goals in 2 month.
Finally,when my product were in progress I will performance feedback to my employee. That they can monitor and correct their own actions and this idea can be accomplished.

nurul yuziahnah said...

NURUL YUZIAHNAH BINTI YUSOF,
901114125572

You are CEO of company(samsung) and you want to the empliment by objective to your company.Explain how if can be done.


The managment is the process of getting things done,effectively and efficiently,through and with other people. The most popular still continue to be organized around the managment process,through these have generally been condsend to the
basic four and there is the planning, organizing, leading and controling. MBO or managment By Objective makes objective operational by the organization. The organization's overall objective are translated into specific objective for each succeding level that is hierarchy that links objective at one level to those at the next level.

As a CEO of company(samsung) and want to do something to empliment managment by objective to your company. The objective in MBO should be concise statement of expexed accomplishments. It is not adequate. In MBO, the objectives are not unilaterally set by the boss and assigned to employess, as is characteristic of traditional objective settin. For company of samsung, we start the overall organizational objective of that's the top manager, have the capital for the sale of handphone samsung that much 150,000. The top manager must be find the way how to sale the 150,000 of hanphone samsung in three years.

After that, the top manager divide the 75,000 of handphone samsung as the divisional objective that is the middle manager of 75,000 for the middle manager 1 and somemany for the middle manager 2. Besides that, the middle manager 1 of this hanphone of company divides the some of hanphone to their departmental objectives and that is for the first line manager 1 that much only 37,500 hanphone. And then, the hanphone give to the first line manager 2 for sale the same much of 37,500. Under the middle manager 2 the equal of hanphone divide is to fist line manager 3 that give some of handphone to do the sale of hanphone and like to the first line manager 4 that much 37,500. After that, under the overall of the first line manager is 1,2,3 and 4 their is the individual objectives of 18,750.

That the sales handphone of samsung and the MBO of this companmy is want to get more profit in three years or became the popular company of samsung,that is the implement managment by objective in my company.

sharifah said...

SHARIFAH SAKILAH BTE SYED ABD KADIR
890921015520
DIPLOMA IN ACCOUNTANCY

Q-YOU ARE THE CEO OF CROCODILE COMPANY AND YOU WANT TO IMPLEMENT MANAGEMENT BY OBJECTIVES {MBO} TO YOUR COMPANY.HOW IT CAN BE DONE?

A- Management by objectives {MBO} is a system in which spesific performance objectives are jointly determined by subordinates and their supervisors progress towards are allocated at the basic of that progress.Instead of using goals to goals to control,MBO uses them to motivate.MBO makes objectives operational by a process in which they cascade down through the organization.MBO works from the up as well as from the top down.The result is a hierarchy that links objectives objectives at one level to those at the next level.
All the company have their objectives.My Crocodile company also have the objectives.The important things is a short and long-term objectives.I expected my profit within short-term in 1 year is RM300,000.Meanwhile,the long-term in 3 years I expected that my profit is RM900,000.In short-term I expected the profit RM300,000 because my company produce the product RM25,000 in 1 month.My company produce the product depends on the consumers demands is higher towards the crocodile product.
Another objectives,in once a year,we produce a new crocodile design for clothes,shoes,and so on.I will met my designer and discuss about our new design.Then,my designer must discuss with my manager about the how much cost and units must to be produce.After that,manager order to the middle-manager for control the cost and units for the product.Middle-manager order the first-line manager which is supervisor to directing day-to-day activities.That's mean all the manager level must work together to achieve the objectives for produce the crocodile product RM25,000 in 1 months.
Besides that,my objectives is a market the crocodile product to the public.So that,I ensure that my product have high quality such as to determined that my product and the design can accept by the public.I also must do the spotcheck to the product quality before my agent promotion promote the product.Then,my agent promotion can promote the product to the public and supply to loyalty customer and also give the discount to the.
The management by objectives is important to company because without the objectives,all the manager level cannot work together and the goals and profit cannot be achieve.

MIRA EDORA said...

MIRA EDORA BTE ANUAR
901107045566


YOU ARE CEO OF BATIK COMPANY AND YOU WANT TO IMPLEMENT MANAGEMENT BY OBJECTIVES(MBO) TO YOUR COMPANY. EXPLAIN HOW IT CAN BE HAPPEN.

Management by objectives(MBO)is a system which specific performances objectives are jointly determined by subordinates and their supervisors. Progress toward objectives is periodcally reviewed and rewards are allocated on the basis of that progress. Management by objectives operational by a process in which they cascade down through the organization. The organization's overall objectives are translated into specific objectives for each succeeding level. In the organization, first-line manager participate in setting their own goals. Management by objectives works from the bottom up as well as from the top down. Results is a hierachy that links objetives at one level to those at the next level.

As a CEO of batik company, I also have my own objectives to achieved. To achieved my objectives, first I will meet my designer to discuss about our new design and unique batik. After discussing with my designer, then I will do a meeting with my middle manager for discussing about our new product and then ask their opinion how to produce our batik and the cost of producing. I want every factories that I has must produce 10000 units of batik for a month. So, my two middle manager must be clever to divide among them by give each of them is 5000 units. They will ask their first-line manager to produce 5000 units a month.

First-line manager must ask their operatives to produce that amount of batik for a month. I will make sure that my target achieved by do a spotcheck to my factories. After they finish making batik, they must supply the batik to our loyalty customer. We will give a discount to them. Therefore, we will suplly our batik to business man/woman who sell batik to abroad visitors. To big my plans, I will sell my batik to the international market. To achieved this plans, I will target to abroad student by giving them an example of our batik for them to show and promote it to their own country. We will give some comission to them. Although give them an example, I will introduce my batik in Internet to all people around the world to see it.

My short term plan is achieved my target as much as RM1000000 in one year. Meanwhile, my target for long term plan is achieved as much as RM1000000 in five year.

aishah said...

y

nurul yuziahnah said...

SITI NORFARHANA BINTI MOHD HAYAT
900715016684


If I CEO of company HONDA,I want to impliment management by objective to my company and my company become successful. Management by objective(MBO)means a system in which specific performance objective are jointly determined by subordinates and their supervisos, progress toward objectives is periodically revienewde and reward are allocated on the basis of that progress.MBO appel lies in its emphasis converting overall objectives intospesific objectives for organisational units and individual members.
The organisation overall objectives are translated into specific objective for succeeding level,the lower unit managers have their own goals,MBO works from the bottom up as well as from the top down.For the individual employee,has identified specific contribution to make her units performance.Other than that,they can achive their goal,and be attained.The impliment management of objective can be reality.
Organisation have a four level.It is overall organisational objectives for top manager,divisional objectives for middel manager,departmental objectives for first line manager and individual objectives for operatives.The objectives in MBO be concise statments of expacted accomplishments.In MBO,the objectives are not unilaterally by the boss and assigned to employees.The manager and employee jointly choose the goalsand agree on how they will be achived.As the CEO of company HONDA have a vision and mission.
To sales the product of HONDA company have a RM1000000 for the capital.CEO divided the worker into two middel managers as a workers and they can be target 150000for one year.One middel manager can be target produce 75000of HONDA productfor six month.After that,middel manager give the work to first line manager such as supervisors as departmental objectives. One middel manager have two first line manager,one first line manager to get target 37500 product for one month.Last but not least,under first line manager is operatives.Operatives works is produce the product 18750 per weeks.Finally,I as a CEO of company HONDA can get more profit and the imliment management of objectives can be successful and subordinates can review progress toward goalsand which lead to further feedback.I also hope my company can be popular in the world.

eskandar shah said...

mohamad najib b. zainal abidin
900819-01-6355

you are CEO of company[proton] and you want to the empliment by objective to your company. explain how if can be done.

MBO makes objectives operational by a process in which they cascade down through the organization. As depicted in exhibit 3-4, the organization overall objective are translated into specifit objectives for each succeeding level-divisional, departmental, individual in the organization. Because lower-limit manager participate in setting their own goal. MBO works from the bottom up as well as from the top down. Thew result is a hierarchy that links objectives at one level to thase at the next level. For the individual employe, MBO provides specific personal performance objectives. If all the individual acheive their goal, then the units goal will be attained. subsequently, the organizations overall objectives will become a reality.

The company of proton make a car in Malaysia. Proton was accept since early 2000. Every year proton make a new model and reception depand accept. Anew saga lauch and proton accept booking 10 000 units.The purpose a product transport market in Malaysia. The profit can we get in one year 1.5 million and then the profit estimate 5.5 million.We make a promotion and who make a booked after the promotion we give a discount 10%.Profit and less profit is usual in business. And now economy will be stabil.

aishah said...

Siti Aishah bt Abu saifuddin
900322-13-7696

YOU ARE CEO OF CLOTH ADIDAS COMPANY AND YOU WANT TO IMPLEMENT MANAGEMENT BY OBJECTIVE (MBO) TO YOUR COMPANY.EXPLAIN HOW IT CAN BE DONE.


Management by objectives(MBO) is a system in which specific performance objectives are jointly determined by subordinates and their supervisors,progress toward objectives is periodically reviewed,and rewards are educated on the basic of that progress.Instead of using goals to control,MBO uses them to motivate.MBO or management by objective by objective makes objective operational by the organization.
As a CEO in my own company,i must have a strategy and planning if i want my company success. Firstly,i want to make a promotion the new cloth to all my new customer.Now, my caompany have RM10000 for sale the adidas cloth in three years.As a top manager, must have stategy to get a goal.In my business,i want to give my customer with the cheapers price.I will promote the quality of the cloth.I also want to show them the best cloth.If i want to get my goal,i must have a good communication with my customer.I also must be make sure that"s my product quality is good,compartable and be public favourite.Meanwhile,the three year, i must attract all people to join my company and must have a loyalty customer.
beside tht,in once a year,i want to produce a new cloth design.I will met my designer and discuss about our new design.Then,i want my designer explain about their design to attract my customer to by my thing and join to my business.After that,manager order to the middle manager for control the cost and units for the product.Middle manager orderthe first-line manager which is supervisor to directing day-to-day activities for operatives employees work hard for achieve that the company objectives,tht mean,all the manager level must work together to achieve the objectives for produce the cloth product RM2000 in a month.
My objectives is a i want to product the cloth to the public.So that,i must make sure that my product have high quality such as to determined that my product and the design can accept by the public. Then,my agent promotion can promote the product to public and supply to loyalty customer and also give the discount to them.
The management by objectives is important to my company because
If i want have a good company,i must hardworking to produce and promote my things.
Finally,i want my company i must excellent in my work,so,i must hardworking to get my goal.So,i can be a good manager in three years and will open a good company.

aishah said...

YOU ARE THE CEO OF CAR COMPONY OF TOYOTA AND YOU WANT TO IMPLEMENTS MANAGEMENT BY OBJECTIVE TO YOUR COMPONY.
EXPLAIN HOW IT CAN BE DONE.

Management by objective as known as MBO one of the best way that help us or improve a company or an organization achieve their own specific goals. Now a day majority of any organization in this world already practice and using this system. Being a big and one of the popular owner and founder of TOYOTA in this century always have obstacles that always threat us within leading our company. To lead a big company such us is not an easy ways and that’s the reason why I’m prefer to choose using this kind of method. I’m as the CEO of Toyota will make all of my objective success. Firstly I’ll make sure all of my plan will accepted by all board directors and all the designers of the cars. Most important that all the decision made by me and get the support from all of my employees. Because lower-unit manager participate in setting their own goals, MBO works fro the bottom up as well as from the top down.I'll will consider a new changes in my company which is the improvement that I’ll change is I’ll improve the services of ours and also the quality of the product that we produce. In addition I’ll cut the cost to produce the car so that within produce the car with effective cost and hence will bring a lot of profit towards my company. Within produce the cars that my designers already we also will considered all of the compliments from our customer so that we can produce something that they prefer and their taste. Beside that I’ll will always pay attention towards all of my employees which is under specific department managers will monitor the task that have been given. This is because each person, therefore, has an identified specific contribution to make to their unit’s performance and if all the individuals achieved their goals, then the unit’s goals will be attained. Subsequently, the organization’s overall objectives will become a reality.

Siti said...

Mohamad Najib Bin Zainal Abidin
900819-01-6355
Mira Edora Bte Anuar
901107-04-5566

Your company going to decline because of the economic. As a consultant, give the strategy to the Board Of Director in order to face this situation.

As a consultant, we will give some strategies to the Board of Director to build up back our company. The first strategies that we will do is we will sale some of the shares of our company to another company for increase the company’s capital. Beside the, the company will decrease the amount of employees and close up a part of the branch of our company.
The company will make another loan with bank to increase the capital in our company. Beside that, the company will combine with another company. Some more, we will renew the company’s product so that the product will attract consumer to buy it. Beside that, all the branch of the company will produce the new product to make the company’s product will be using by all people in this world.
In addition, we will make promotion about our company to all people so that everyone will memorize the product of our company. Beside that, we will produce another product which is comfortable and can be use by everyone. In hence, we will sell the furniture that we didn’t use to increase the capital of our company. Beside that, we will expand and spread out the product that we already produce thru the internet.
Beside that, our company will change the colour and the design of the product. We will also decrease the amount that we use for the expenses to another thing that didn’t being so important to the company.
Those strategies have their own objectives. The objectives are to decrease the company ‘s expenses so that the company didn’t going down and thus bankrupt.

sharifah said...

SHARIFAH SAKILAH BTE SYED ABD KADIR
890921015520
NURUL YUZIAHNAH BTE YUSUF
901114125572

Q-YOUR COMPANY GOING TO DECLINE BECAUSE OF THE ECONOMIC PROBLEM.AS A CONSULTANT,GIVE THE STRATEGY TO THE BOARD OF DIRECTOR IN ORDER TO FACE THIS SITUATION.

A- We worked at Asadi Company. We worked as a consultant to that company. The company started since 2000. But now, the company going to decline because of the economic problem. So that, as a consultant, we try to give some strategy to the Board of Director in order to face the situation. The strategy that will give him for built-up the company back.
The strategy that we give is in innovating the product. We order the Board of Director to ask the employees for make the Asadi product look beautiful and suitable for consumer. They also must change the design such as put the flowers and made a stripes at the shoes and slippers. The colour also can be change followed the ages. For the children, they can make a light colour such as pink, purple and so on. For the teenagers, they also can use the simple design and suitable color for them. Beside that, the Asadi product also to change the shape followed the sizes. It also can make the unique shape. So that, slippers and shoes look beautiful and interesting.
The company also must be down-sizing the employees. The company must fire some of employees. It is because the company wants to maintain the money for use for the other project. Until now, the company has 8 branches around Malaysia. So, some of the branch among three or four branch must be close for decrease the expenses. So that, the expenses from the other branch use for produce the new product. The company also must have decreased the expenses for the not important things.
The company will make a loan to increase the capital. Beside that, company will combine with other company. Then, the product will attract customer to buy it. The two companies can make the new website to produce the shoes and slippers to the other people. So, people can buy the product from the internet. The revenue also can be increase.
Promotion the product to the other people must be held. It is because for the public can memories about the product. At the same time, the company must do the different promotion with other company. As the conclusion, the Board of Director must be followed we strategy for built-up the company back.

nursafitrie binti saiful rizal said...

nursafitrie binti saiful rizal
900503016148
siti aishah binti abu saifuddin
900322137696

YOUR COMPANY WANT PRODUCE MORE PRODUCTION. DISCUSS THE STRATEGY THAT YOU CAN IMPLEMENT

My company, Vincci company want to produce more production.So, we have to arrange a strategy to produce more production.
The method that we should use to expand our production of the company is direct expansion such as involves increasing a company size, revenue, operation, or workforce. It can be help to produce more production. It is because when the company bigger or have more worker, so more product can be produce. Then, when company bigger so more machine. When we have enough machine so we can produce more production. For example, chicken company.For produce more chicken we must have facilities to make a chicken died. It is one of the example to produce more production. Beside that, we can open new branch at another place.We also must choose suitable place to build the branch.The place must be have a many people ad customer.
Another method to produce more production is merge. It can be happen when our company do not have enough money of resources. Merge is occurs when two company usually of similar size is combine their resources to form new company. For example Ali stall.Ali open stall at village that have more villagers. Ali cannot fulfill request of customer. Ahmad also open stall and he cannot fulfill the request of customer.So the best method is Ali stall and Ahmad stall combine together to improvement their stall. With that method, they can be easy to work together and fulfill the request of customer.We can use same method to produce more production our company.
Beside that, when we have a big company we can produce more production by acquisition.Acquisition means we take over or buy small company nearly bankrupt. For example, Amly company nearly bankrupt so, we must take chance to buy or take over that company. Through that company we can produce more production. It is because, we can change their name company and also change their production. The other way, we also can get more branch. So, we must have good strategy to make it successful.
In business communication is important for attract customer to use our product and come to our company. Communication such as advertising, do campaign of company product or so on. In do that,we can let people or customer know more about the advantages of our product. We also can get more advantages because many customer use our product. Beside that, we also can get more profit with do that. It is because we can show customer the advantages of our product and also the quality of our product.So, we can produce more production and our company can successful.
I hope my company can produce more production and become the successful company and popular. Beside that, i hope my company get attraction from many customer.

eskandar shah said...

SITI NORFARHANA BINTI MOHD HAYAT
900715016684
ESKANDAR SHAH BIN REDUAN
89011145825

YOUR COMPANY WANT TO PRODUCE MORE PRODUCTION.DISCUSS THE STRATEGICS THAT CAN YOU IMPLIMATE.

As CEO of the Adidas company, we will fulfill all of our customer demand so that each of customer can use our product with satisfied. To make all this come true, we already make a research and investigation that help us find various of method or strategies that help us to improve and expand our company. The first method that we will use we will produce more product which is we called direct expansion. Beside that, we will also expand and spread out the business of that we own so that it can help us to improve and increase the quality and quantity of our which is every of the people in this world should know about our product. In hence, it will help us to create a big position and name of our product in this among the popular business company in this world. Based on what customer needs, we will try to fulfill all of their needs which is we will produce more product based on large quantity and high quality.
To expand a company is not so easy. We have to use some kind of specific strategies so that it will help us to improve our business and thu8s the account of the company will stable. The other strategies that we also use is we will conquer the rating of the high performance and production of our company in worldwide. In hence I’ll also try to decrease the capital that we will use so that we didn’t expand too much cost. This is because in gain a lot of profit, we have to smart in organize our plan so that it wouldn’t be cross far away from the aimed and the basic goals of the company. This is called management by objective that already being use since a century ago.
Beside that, we will spread out and mention to all of consumers that they will get an extraordinary and benefit using our product. All of this plan we will advertise all of the benefit thru the internet and all the media facilities. Depends on the production of the product is not enough to make sure that a company can expand the business among the worldwide, we also have to pay attention on the employees of ours and the structure of the company. If we ignore all the important things that being a big point to a company, thus it can’t help to develop and increase the production possibilities of a company.

Ahmad bin Talib said...

Section B: Essay Question (40 Marks)
Answer all questions

1. Give the definition for following terms
a. SAlah satu strategy
utama
b. muka surat awal bab 3
c. mukas surat awal bab leadership
d. muuka surat awal bab kawalan

2. SWOT
3. kefahaman tentang strategy
4. jenis struktur
5. How does technology affect structure
6. beza pemimpin
7. “beza pemimpin dan pengurus

8. jenis kawalan 9. jenis kawalan
10. elemen kreativity